Comprehending the development of a child is an indispensable obligation of a parent. Early childhood development sets the foundation for everlasting learning, behaviour and health. A child’s primitive experiences shape his brain and his capacity to learn. Holistic brain development is implicitly vital in the process of a child’s proliferation. It builds the mechanisms that allow him to battle daily stresses and challenges. At birth, newborns begin with exceedingly similar brains and brain structures.
There are ‘sensitive periods’ during a child’s development when the wiring of the brain for specific abilities is established. Holistic brain development assists in the wiring of the brain connections through the provision of responsive, nurturing and simulative experiences. Children who are well supported and nurtured physically, socially, emotionally and intellectually will develop multitudinous neural connections that will serve them well throughout their life course. Holistic brain development establishes a child’s social competence, cognitive skills, emotional welfare, linguistic abilities, literary adroitness, physical capabilities and is a market for academic well-being and life resilience. There are innumerable factors which influence a child’s overall healthy, holistic brain development.
Education, health, social status, access to stimulating and conducive early learning environments, adequate nutrition, clean water and a secured and nurturing parent-child relationship contribute immensely to a child’s *holistic brain development*. Holistic brain development creates a quintessential blend of play and fun along with an ensured healthy social , physical and emotional development in children. Play contributes to all aspects of children’s health and development constituting mental and physical well being, educational development, brain development, language development opportunities , spatial mathematical learning, creativity and the formation of one’s individual identity. The key is to strike a sensible balance between these two factors as they manifest holistic brain development. Providing opportunities to play freely and actively is a phenomenal way of promoting holistic brain development. Holistic brain development seeks to simultaneously address the physical, emotional, rational , intellectual and spiritual aspects of a child’s life. Holistic brain development is attained through keen parental observation. There are many proven techniques used in observing children.
A child’s APGAR ( Activity, Pulse , Grimace, Appearance and Respiration) test scores must be considered. This test is conducted right after a child’s birth. Over a period of 9 months, a toddler’s gross motor skills and fine motor skills will develop. It includes rooting, sucking and swallowing reflex ,grasp reflex, walking reflex, pupils reacting to light, opening of eyes when held upright, blinking or opening of eyes widely to sudden sound, startle reaction to sudden sound, closing eyes to sudden bright light, flexing of upper and lower limbs, turning of head to perceive objects, establishment of firm eye contact and visual senses.
The first two years of a child’s life, the sensorimotor stage, is when babies’ and toddlers’ knowledge and understanding are chiefly drawn from physical action and their senses – sight, sound ,taste, touch and smell. Toys play an enormous role in developing a child’s holistic brain development. Parents should actively participate in playing games with their toddlers for their holistic enrichment. His intrinsic abilities and academic brilliance ultimately rely on the conducive atmosphere provided and parental efforts undertaken for holistic brain development.